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Emerging Drug Trends in 2014

Recently the Regional Organized Crime Information Center released a report that we think will be helpful for parents, law enforcement, the medical community and others who need to be educated about drug abuse. It does a great job of covering what is newly emergent – legal drugs, spices, and synthetics. And also covering the drugs we have been battling for years – opiates, methamphetamine, and other stimulants and depressants.

Here is the entire report in PDF Format: Emerging-drugs-2014_(2) (1)

Below is a reference list of drugs the report covers:

Opioids

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Zohydro

A powerful new prescription painkiller known as Zohydro ER hit the market in March 2014 amidst widespread concern that the drug could trigger a disastrous spike in overdoses and deaths. Zohydro is a potent extended-release formulation of hydrocodone without the additives of aspirin or acetaminophen and without anti-abuse formulation.
A powerful new prescription painkiller known as Zohydro ER hit the market in March 2014 amidst widespread concern that the drug could trigger a disastrous spike in overdoses and deaths. Zohydro is a potent extended-release formulation of hydrocodone without the additives of aspirin or acetaminophen and without anti-abuse formulation.

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Acetyl Fentanyl

Fentanyl is a prescription narcotic used to relieve severe or chronic pain, commonly used for cancer patients or as a last-resort pain medication. It’s available as a skin patch, lozenge, pill, shot, and a dissolvable film strip. As a recreational street drug, fentanyl may be referred to as China White.
Fentanyl is a prescription narcoticused to relieve severe or chronicpain, commonly used for cancer patientsor as a last-resort pain medication.It’s available as a skin patch,lozenge, pill, shot, and a dissolvablefilm strip. As a recreational streetdrug, fentanyl may be referred to asChina White.

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Tramadol

Tramadol is a Schedule IV opioid analgesic used to treat pain, similar to codeine. Recreational use can be dangerous due to the possibility of convulsions with higher doses. When taken orally, rather than injected, it produces opiate-like effects similar to oxycodone. Tramadol costs $1-2 for a 50mg tablet on the street.
Tramadol is a Schedule IV opioid analgesic used to treat pain, similar to codeine. Recreational use can be dangerous due to the possibility of convulsions with higher doses. When taken orally, rather than injected, it produces opiate-like effects similar to oxycodone. Tramadol costs $1-2 for a 50mg tablet on the street.

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Methadone

More than 15,500 people die every year of prescription drug overdoses, and nearly one-third of those overdoses involve methadone, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Methadone has been used for decades to treat drug addiction, but in recent years it has been prescribed to relieve pain.
More than 15,500 people die every year of prescription drug overdoses, and nearly one-third of those overdoses involve methadone, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Methadone has been used for decades to treat drug addiction, but in recent years it has been prescribed to relieve pain.

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Suboxone

Similar to methadone, Suboxone is used to treat drug addiction and is sometimes prescribed for chronic pain management. In 2012, Suboxone generated $1.55 billion in sales in the United States, surpassing well-known medications like Viagra and Adderall. Its success was partly fueled by the nationwide opioid-abuse epidemic.
Similar to methadone, Suboxone is used to treat drug addiction and is sometimes prescribed for chronic pain management. In 2012, Suboxone generated $1.55 billion in sales in the United States, surpassing well-known medications like Viagra and Adderall. Its success was partly fueled by the nationwide opioid-abuse epidemic.

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Opiates of Abuse

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Heroin

Heroin was synthesized in 1874 in Germany by mixing morphine with two types of acids. Twenty three years later, Bayer pharmaceutical company claimed to have originated heroin while trying to produce codeine. The company marketed heroin as a “miracle drug,” more effective than codeine as a cough medicine and better than morphine as a pain killer. In 1913, the number of heroin addicts began to skyrocket and heroin became banned in many countries.
Heroin was synthesized in 1874 in Germany by mixing morphine with two types of acids. Twenty three years later, Bayer pharmaceutical company claimed to have originated heroin while trying to produce codeine. The company marketed heroin as a “miracle drug,” more effective than codeine as a cough medicine and better than morphine as a pain killer. In 1913, the number of heroin addicts began to skyrocket and heroin became banned in many countries.

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Purple Drank

Purple Drank or Lean, a mixture of Sprite, Jolly Ranchers, and codeine, is consumed by youth. If prescription codeine is unavailable, DM cough syrup is often substituted.
Purple Drank or Lean, a mixture of Sprite, Jolly Ranchers, and codeine, is consumed by youth. If prescription codeine is unavailable, DM cough syrup is often substituted.

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Lemon Drop
Lemon drop is a homemade hallucinogenic drug produced by mixing a painter’s solvent(Naphtha) with over-the-counter drugs, such as Robitussin cough syrup, Sucrets, or Vicks Formula 44. Lighter fluid can be used to replace Naptha but is usually not preferred due to bad aftertaste.

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Krokodil

Desomorphine is another drug replacing heroin, and is the main ingredient in Krokodil, aka the zombie drug. Krokodil is the street name of a synthetic heroin product that’s extremely popular in Russia, aka Crocodile. It is used by injection; however, it rots the flesh around injections, turns the flesh grey, green, and scaly until the skin peels away and the bone is exposed – leading to amputated limbs and death. Krokodil addicts’ life expectancy runs one to three years once they start on the drug.
Desomorphine is another drug replacing heroin, and is the main ingredient in Krokodil, aka the zombie drug. Krokodil is the street name of a synthetic heroin product that’s extremely popular in Russia, aka Crocodile. It is used by injection; however, it rots the flesh around injections, turns the flesh grey, green, and scaly until the skin peels away and the bone is exposed – leading to amputated limbs and death. Krokodil addicts’ life expectancy runs one to three years once they start on the drug.

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Synthetic Cathinones and Other Designer Drugs

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Bath Salts

Bath salts are typically a white or brown crystalline powder sold in small plastic or foil packages labeled “not for human consumption.” They are sometimes marketed as plant food, jewelry cleaner, or phone screen cleaner, and are sold online and in drug paraphernalia stores under a variety of names, including Ivory Wave, Cloud Nine, Lunar Wave, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning, and Scarface.
Bath salts are typically a white or brown crystalline powder sold in small plastic or foil packages labeled “not for human consumption.” They are sometimes marketed as plant food, jewelry cleaner, or phone screen cleaner, and are sold online and in drug paraphernalia stores under a variety of names, including Ivory Wave, Cloud Nine, Lunar Wave, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning, and Scarface.

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Gravel

Gravel is a highly addictive form of synthetic cathinone. Its primary component, alpha-PVP, is often used in combination with other drugs. Seizures of the drug have been found to contain methamphetamine, Klonopin, and bath salts.
Gravel is a highly addictive form of synthetic cathinone. Its primary component, alpha-PVP, is often used in combination with other drugs. Seizures of the drug have been found to contain methamphetamine, Klonopin, and bath salts.

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Pump-It Powder

As the chemicals in synthetic drugs are designated controlled substances, chemists are actively inventing new compounds to circumvent legal restrictions. One such product that has replaced bath salts is Pump-It Powder, marketed as an enhanced plant vitamin.
As the chemicals in synthetic drugs are designated controlled substances, chemists are actively inventing new compounds to circumvent legal restrictions. One such product that has replaced bath salts is Pump-It Powder, marketed as an enhanced plant vitamin.

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MXE

Methoxetamine or MXE is a new designer “research chemical product” often taken for its hallucinogenic and dissociative effects and is relatively new to the recreational drug culture in the United States. MXE is considered to be an analog to the drug Ketamine, classified as a dissociative anesthetic originally used as a powerful tranquilizer on animals. The packaging reads “research chemical” and “not for human consumption.”
Methoxetamine or MXE is a new designer “research chemical product” often taken for its hallucinogenic and dissociative effects and is relatively new to the recreational drug culture in the United States. MXE is considered to be an analog to the drug Ketamine, classified as a dissociative anesthetic originally used as a powerful tranquilizer on animals. The packaging reads “research chemical” and “not for human consumption.”

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Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids

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Spice

Spice is a mixture of herbs combined with synthetic cannabinoids that produce a high similar to marijuana. Spice may refer to the actual dominant brand of synthetic marijuana but is generally used to describe all herbal blends with synthetic cannabinoids added. It is often marked as herbal incense; however, some brands market their product as herbal smoking blends.
Spice is a mixture of herbs combined with synthetic cannabinoids that produce a high similar to marijuana. Spice may refer to the actual dominant brand of synthetic marijuana but is generally used to describe all herbal blends with synthetic cannabinoids added. It is often marked as herbal incense; however, some brands market their product as herbal smoking blends.

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Dabs (BHO)

A highly concentrated version of THC known as Butane Hash Oil, Dabs, or Wax is made using highly explosive butane. A clear, golden-brown cannabis derivative, BHO has little smell, either in its solid form or when vaporized. It sells on average for $50 a gram. BHO is 15 percent THC, and a drop or two can be as potent as a joint. It is said to be so potent that it will keep a person high for more than a day.
A highly concentrated version of THC known as Butane Hash Oil, Dabs, or Wax is made using highly explosive butane. A clear, golden-brown cannabis derivative, BHO has little smell, either in its solid form or when vaporized. It sells on average for $50 a gram. BHO is 15 percent THC, and a drop or two can be as potent as a joint. It is said to be so potent that it will keep a person high for more than a day.

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Transdermal THC Patches

State troopers are seeing more marijuana hash-inflused transdermal patches (similar to a nicotine patch) being purchased from Colorado and crossing state lines. Once removed from the package, the patches have no markings. They do have a slight odor of marijuana and easily test positive for THC.
State troopers are seeing more marijuana hash-inflused transdermal patches (similar to a nicotine patch) being purchased from Colorado and crossing state lines. Once removed from the package, the patches have no markings. They do have a slight odor of marijuana and easily test positive for THC.

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THC Puppy Chow

Puppy chow is a common party food made by melting chocolate and butter and combining it with powder sugar and Chex cereal. The THC oil is added to the butter during the cooking process. Users are also mixing the THC oil with Cinnamon Toast Crunch cereal.
Puppy chow is a common party food made by melting chocolate and butter and combining it with powder sugar and Chex cereal. The THC oil is added to the butter during the cooking process. Users are also mixing the THC oil with Cinnamon Toast Crunch cereal.

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Phenethylamines

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Molly

Sometime in the past decade, Ecstasy returned to clubs as Molly, a powder or crystalline form of MDMA that implied greater purity and safety: Ecstasy re-branded as a gentler, more approachable drug. And thanks in part to that new moniker, MDMA has found a new following in a generation of conscientious professionals who have never been to a rave and who are known for making careful choices in regard to their food, coffee, and clothing.
Sometime in the past decade, Ecstasy returned to clubs as Molly, a powder or crystalline form of MDMA that implied greater purity and safety: Ecstasy re-branded as a gentler, more approachable drug. And thanks in part to that new moniker, MDMA has found a new following in a generation of conscientious professionals who have never been to a rave and who are known for making careful choices in regard to their food, coffee, and clothing.

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2C-I / India

The synthetic drug 2C-I or India is replacing bath salts as the new hallucinogen of choice among teenagers. The drug is derived from phenethylamine. It is sometimes confused with 251-NBOMe, aka Smiles.

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Benzo Fury

Benzo Fury is a party drug similar in structure to MDMA and usually taken in pill form. It takes effect within 45 minutes to an hour. Desired effects include euphoria and an energy surge that may last up to ten hours, plateauing at two hours.

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Bromo Dragonfly

Bromo Dragonfly is a psychedelic drug related to the phenethylamine family. It is slightly less potent than LSD and 200 times the potency of mescaline with a normal dose of 200 pg to 800 pg. Effects could last several days; however, they may not take effect for up to six hours, leading users to take multiple doses. Bromo Dragonfly is sold in the form of blotters, and is often mistaken for LSD.

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N-Bomb

NBOMe is a clump white powder with a notably bitter and metallic taste. It is often sold as LSD or mescaline. It may be snorted, or made into a liquid and soaked into blotter paper (like LSD) or laced on something edible. It is most often taken on breath strips and dissolves quickly in the mouth.
NBOMe is a clump white powder with a notably bitter and metallic taste. It is often sold as LSD or mescaline. It may be snorted, or made into a liquid and soaked into blotter paper (like LSD) or laced on something edible. It is most often taken on breath strips and dissolves quickly in the mouth.

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Herbal Drugs of Abuse

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Kratom

Kratom is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family located in Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand. Its leaves are used for medicinal purposes and produce psychoactive effects when chewed. It may also be drunk like a tea (50 grams of dried kratom leaves boiled in one liter of water). It behaves similar to an opioid such as morphine.
Kratom is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family located in Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand. Its leaves are used for medicinal purposes and produce psychoactive effects when chewed. It may also be drunk like a tea (50 grams of dried kratom leaves boiled in one liter of water). It behaves similar to an opioid such as morphine.

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Angel’s Trumpets

Angel’s Trumpets, aka moonflowers or daturas, are flowers cultivated in the United States. They are short-lived perennials of various colors. All Datura plants contain tropane alkaloids in their seeds and flowers. Because of these substances, Angel’s Trumpets have been used in some cultures as a poison and a hallucinogen.
Angel’s Trumpets, aka moonflowers or daturas, are flowers cultivated in the United States. They are short-lived perennials of various colors. All Datura plants contain tropane alkaloids in their seeds and flowers. Because of these substances, Angel’s Trumpets have been used in some cultures as a poison and a hallucinogen.

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Salvia Divinorum

Salvia Divinorum is a perennial herb in the mint family native to certain areas of Mexico. Salvinorin A is believed to be the responsible ingredient for the plant’s hallucinogenic effects, typically when chewed or smoked.
Salvia Divinorum is a perennial herb in the mint family native to certain areas of Mexico. Salvinorin A is believed to be the responsible ingredient for the plant’s hallucinogenic effects, typically when chewed or smoked.

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You can also view the report in video format:

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