By: Shannon Persad
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What Are the Dangers of a Cocaine Addiction on the Body?
Across news outlet, the opioid epidemic has grabbed the headlines, but drug abuse, in general, is at an all-time high—including use cocaine.
According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA):
“Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, cocaine is an illegal drug. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder. Street dealers often mix it with things like cornstarch, talcum powder, or flour to increase profits. They may also mix it with other drugs such as the stimulant amphetamine.”
Cocaine is known to have been in popular movies and used in Hollywood during the 60s, 70s, and 80s. However, it is still a drug today that people become addicted to, and has become more potent due to being laced with other deadly substances.
Health Effects of Having a Cocaine Addiction
NIDA has a list of possible short-term and long-term health effects of having a cocaine addiction.
Short-term effects include “narrowed blood vessels; enlarged pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; headache; abdominal pain and nausea; euphoria; increased energy, alertness; insomnia, restlessness; anxiety; erratic and violent behavior, panic attacks, paranoia, psychosis; heart rhythm problems, heart attack; stroke, seizure, coma.”
Long-term effects include “loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds,nasal damage and trouble swallowing from snorting; infection and death of bowel tissue from decreased blood flow; poor nutrition and weight loss; lung damage from smoking.”
Other issues may include “Pregnancy: premature delivery, low birth weight, deficits in self-regulation and attention in school-aged children prenatally exposed. Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles.”
Cocaine addiction is dangerous for your body, both in the short-term and long-term.
If you or someone you know is suffering from cocaine addiction, seek treatment options.