By: Shannon Persad
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Ecstasy (MDMA) Side Effects and Dangers on the Body
Drugs are harmful to the body, and it’s no surprise. However, many different substances may have different effects.
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), “MDMA acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic, producing an energizing effect, distortions in time and perception, and enhanced enjoyment of tactile experiences.”
However, much like many party drugs, it is not only mixed with other substances, it can result in undesirable effects.
Short-term and Long-term Effects of Ecstacy on the Body
MDMA has a significant effect on the brain, as well as the activities of three brain chemicals. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
- “Dopamine: produces increased energy/activity and acts in the reward system to reinforce behaviors
- Norepinephrine: increases heart rate and blood pressure, which are particularly risky for people with heart and blood vessel problems
- Serotonin: affects mood, appetite, sleep, and other functions. It also triggers hormones that affect sexual arousal and trust. The release of large amounts of serotonin likely causes the emotional closeness, elevated mood, and empathy felt by those who use MDMA. “
Short-term effects include (per NIDA):
- Enhanced sensory perception
- Lowered inhibition
- Increase in heart rate and blood pressure
- Increase in temperature in the body which may lead to kidney failure, or death
Long-term effects include (per NIDA):
- Long-lasting confusion
- Attention problems
- Memory and sleep issues
- Less interest in hobbies and sexual activity
Withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, little to no appetite, concentration troubles, and depression.
Because MDMA may not be perceived as a dangerous drug, such as heroin or fentanyl, it doesn’t mean there won’t be harmful effects on the body.
If you or someone you know is suffering from a substance abuse disorder, seek professional help now. Call ATSI Rehab for a confidential consultation at 1-855-498-2121.